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Alternative Transportation Refueling Infrastructure in the US 2014: Status and Challenges

Dr. David Greene examined the infrastructure for alternative transportation refueling and provides his results in this white paper.  The research was supported by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, but the results are the findings of the author.  The complete publication can be found here:  White Paper.DLG.alternative transp. 1;15

Abstract:  Lack of adequate refueling infrastructure is a major barrier to the success of alternative motor fuels. A transition from fossil petroleum to alternative, low-carbon transportation fuels appears to be necessary to mitigate the adverse impacts of global warming, strengthen energy security and meet air quality standards. Finding effective combinations of business models and public policies to accomplish a transition to alternative fuels poses a new and difficult challenge. Focusing on highway vehicles, this paper reviews the motivation for transition to alternative fuels, the current status of alternative fuel refueling infrastructure in the U.S., the costs of such infrastructure and business models and policies that have been proposed to achieve a successful
transition. The goal of this paper is to serve as a basis for innovative thinking and discussion rather than as a comprehensive analysis of the issue. Infrastructure for producing and delivering fuels to refueling stations is equally important but is outside
the scope of this paper.

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